* For informational purposes only *
A. Persistent and recurrent problematic trading behavior leading to clinically significant impairment or
distress, as indicated by the individual exhibiting four (or more) of the following in a 12-month period:
a. Needs to trade with increasing amounts of money in order to achieve the desired excitement.
b. Is restless or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop trading.
c. Has made repeated unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop trading.
d. Is often preoccupied with trading (e.g., having persistent thoughts of reliving past trading
experiences, handicapping or planning the next venture, thinking of ways to get money with
which to trade).
e. Often trades when feeling distressed (e.g., helpless, guilty, anxious, depressed).
f. After losing money trading, often returns another day to get even (“chasing” one’s losses).
g. Lies to conceal the extent of involvement with trading.
h. Has jeopardized or lost a significant relationship, job, or educational or career opportunity
because of trading.
i. Relies on others to provide money to relieve desperate financial situations caused by trading.
B. The trading behavior is not better explained by a manic episode.
Episodic: Meeting diagnostic criteria at more than one time point, with symptoms subsiding
between periods of trading disorder for at least several months.
Persistent: Experiencing continuous symptoms, to meet diagnostic criteria for multiple years.
In early remission: After full criteria for trading disorder were previously met, none of the criteria
for trading disorder have been met for at least 3 months but for less than 12 months.
In sustained remission: After full criteria for trading disorder were previously met, none of the
criteria for trading disorder have been met during a period of 12 months or longer.
Specify current severity:
Mild: 4–5 criteria met.
Moderate: 6–7 criteria met.
Severe: 8–9 criteria met.